Legislation to Legalize Personal Marijuana Cultivation Filed in Washington’s House and Senate

Companion bills that would legalize the personal cultivation of marijuana for those 21 and older has been filed in Washington State’s House of Representatives and Senate.

The legislation, which has bipartisan support in both chambers of the legislature, would allow anyone 21 and older to grow up to six marijuana plants at a private residence, for personal use. If three or more individuals 21+ are living in the same residence they could grow up to, but not more than (regardless of the number of residents), fifteen plants.

Despite the current marijuana possession limit in the state being one ounce, the bills would allow those growing marijuana to possess over this amount if their harvest is larger.

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Vermont Supreme Court Rules Burnt Marijuana Smell Not Probably Cause to Search Vehicle

In a ruling that sets immediate precedent across Vermont, the state’s supreme court has decided that the smell of burnt marijuana is not enough to justify law enforcement obtaining a warrant to search a vehicle.

The court ruled that the odor of burnt marijuana emanating from a vehicle is not strong enough evidence or sufficient probable cause to conduct legally search said vehicle. The ruling comes roughly six months after the possession and personal cultivation became legal in the state.

“The seizure, aimed at immobilizing the plaintiff’s vehicle while the officer sought a search warrant, was essentially based solely on the trooper’s initial detection of the faint odor of burnt marijuana, which did not, in and of itself, create fair probability that marijuana would be found in the vehicle”, states the ruling.

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Legislation to Legalize Medical Marijuana Filed in South Carolina

Legislation to legalize medical marijuana has been filed in South Carolina’s House of Representatives.

House Bill 3272 was filed by Representatives Todd Rutherford (D) and Gilda Cobb-Hunter (D), and has been referred to the House Judiciary Committee. The measure would legalize the medical use and possession of marijuana by those with a qualifying medical condition who receive a recommendation from a physician. This includes legalizing a system of licensed dispensaries.

Under the proposed law, patients or their caregiver would be allowed to possess up to two ounces of marijuana, and could grow up to six plants (three of which can be mature).

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Enough Signatures Submitting in Denver to Put Magic Mushrooms Initiative on November Ballot

Proponents of an initiative to decriminalize the possession and use of magic mushrooms in Denver have submitted enough signatures to put the measure to a vote of the people.

The group Decriminalize Denver submitted over 8,000  signatures today for their initiative, well more than the 4,726 required to make the November general election ballot. However, the Denver Election Division must now verify that enough of the 8,000+ signatures are valid (from registered Denver voters) before the measure can be officially placed on the ballot; they have 25 days to do so.

The proposal would make psilocybin mushrooms (A.K.A “magic mushrooms” – psilocybin is the psychoactive ingredient found within them) the lowest law enforcement priority for those 21 and older, similar to what Seattle did for cannabis in 2009 (three years prior to cannabis being legalized). More importantly, the initiative would prohibit the city – including law enforcement – from using any funds to impose penalties on those who use and possess personal amounts of psilocybin.

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Study: CBD May Enhance Treatment Efficiacy in Glioblastoma Multiforme (Brain Tumor)

CBD may “act as an adjunct to enhance treatment efficacy” in glioblastoma multiforme, which is “the most common and aggressive form of primary malignant brain tumor in adults”, according to a study published by the journal Translational Oncology.

“Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most common and aggressive form of primary malignant brain tumor in adults, with poor prognosis”, states the study’s abstract. “Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are key-mediators for cellular communication through transfer of proteins and genetic material. Cancers, such as GBM, use EV release for drug-efflux, pro-oncogenic signaling, invasion and immunosuppression; thus the modulation of EV release and cargo is of considerable clinical relevance.”

As EV-inhibitors have been shown to increase sensitivity of cancer cells to chemotherapy, “and we recently showed that cannabidiol (CBD) is such an EV-modulator”, researchers “investigated whether CBD affects EV profile in GBM cells in the presence and absence of temozolomide (TMZ).” Compared to controls, “CBD-treated cells released EVs containing lower levels of pro-oncogenic miR21 and increased levels of anti-oncogenic miR126; these effects were greater than with TMZ alone. In addition, prohibitin (PHB), a multifunctional protein with mitochondrial protective properties and chemoresistant functions, was reduced in GBM cells following 1 h CBD treatment.”

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Washington State Governor to Pardon Marijuana Convictions, to Effect Around 3,500 People

Washington State Governor Jay Inslee announced today that he plans to allow for the pardon of thousands of people convicted of marijuana possession charges.

Governor Inslee made the announcement at a cannabis industry summit in SeaTac, saying that he was creating an expedited process that would allow about 3,500 people to apply for and receive a pardon without having to hire a lawyer or go to court.

“We have people who have this burden on their shoulders from a simple, one-time marijuana possession from maybe 20 years ago, and that’s impeding the ability of people to live their lives,” Inslee said in an interview. “It can damage their ability to get financing for a home; it can damage their ability to get financing for colleges, even simple things like going on a field trip with your kids.

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Study: Marijuana Use Associated With Lower BMI, Smaller Waist to Hip Ratio, and Better Cholesterol Levels

Long-term marijuana use is associated with lower BMI (body mass index) and cardiometabolic risk factors, according to a new study published by the journal Psychosomatic Medicine, and epublished by the National Institute of Health.

(Photo: Harvard.edu).

The study, titled Associations between cannabis use and cardiometabolic risk factors: A longitudinal study of men, “tested longitudinal associations between cannabis use and cardiometabolic risk factors that underlie the development of cardiovascular diseases.”

Participants were men from the youngest cohort of the Pittsburgh Youth Study who were followed prospectively from approximately age 7 to 32. Frequency of cannabis use was assessed yearly from ~ages 12-20 and again at ~ages 26, 29, and 32. The following cardiometabolic risk factors were assessed during a laboratory visit at age ~32: “BMI, WHR, HDL and LDL cholesterol, triglycerides, fasting glucose, HOMA-IR, blood pressure, interleukin 6, and C-reactive protein.”

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Study: Cannabis Terpenoids “Exert Anti-Inflammatory and Antinociceptive Activities in Vitro and in Vivo”

Terpenoids derived from cannabis “exert anti-inflammatory and antinociceptive activities in vitro and in vivo”, according to a new study published by the National Institute of Health.

“Cannabinoids are well known to have anti-inflammatory effects in mammalians; however, the Cannabis plant also contains other compounds such as terpenoids, whose biological effects have not yet been characterized”, states the abstract of the study, which was conducted by researchers at The Hebrew University of Jerusalem.  With this in mind, the aim of this study “was to compare the anti-inflammatory properties of terpenoids with those of cannabidiol (CBD).”

For the study “Essential oils prepared from three monoecious nonpsychoactive chemotypes of Cannabis were analyzed for their terpenoid content and subsequently studied pharmacologically for their anti-inflammatory properties in vitro and in vivo.”

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The Top 10 Cannabis Studies of 2018

It’s that time again – here is our sixth annual Top Cannabis Studies of the Year list. 

Continuing the trend of the past several years, 2018 provided us with a massive amount of peer-reviewed research demonstrating the wide-ranging benefits of cannabis and the liberation of laws surrounding it. With that in mind, this year was as big a challenge as ever to narrow these studies down to the top 10, but after much thought and debate that’s what we’ve done!

Below is our list of the 10 most important cannabis studies of the year (in no particular order):

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Oregon Approves Medical Marijuana Deliveries, Increases Purchase Limits

The Oregon Liquor Control Commission has approved several changes to the state’s medical marijuana program.

The commission, which oversees Oregon’s medical marijuana law, has given approval to a change in the state’s law that allows the medicine to be delivered to patients or their caregiver. The commission also passed an increase in the amount of medical marijuana a patient can purchase to eight ounces in a single day and up to 32 ounces in a single month.

In addition, the commission voted to allow wholesale license holders to provide retailers with samples.

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