Outdoor Marijuana Grow Calendar: 2017 Edition

Tired of snowstorms and ready to grow some outdoor marijuana? The outdoor growing season may not officially begin until mid-May, but there’s plenty to do before that time comes.

Outdoor MarijuanaIn fact, taking the time to prepare now, will make this summer’s grow harvest even more bountiful.

If you live in the northern half of the United States, believe it or not, your grow season is right around the corner. The upcoming longer days and warmer temperature are exactly what your plants will need to grow great buds.

Curious about what to expect each month? This 2017 Outdoor Grow Calendar covers it all. We’ll show you average day lengths and temperatures for the northern half of the country, including Alaska.

For the southern half of the country scroll down

A Few Notes:

  • Averages are based on Seattle, Chicago, and New York
  • If you are growing on the northern West Coast, your springtime temperatures will be the warmer average, and your summer averages will be cooler than average
  • The most amount of sun is found in Alaska, with the Northwest coming in second

February

Average Day Length: 9 hours 30 minutes to 11 hours 15 minutes
Average Temperature: 22 degrees to 51 degrees

Alaska:
Average day length: 8 hours 30 minutes to 10 hours 30 minutes
Average Temperature: -8 degrees to 12 degrees

It’s cold outside. Now is the time to pick out your seeds and complete your orders. Many Northern growers choose Indica dominant plants because of the short growing season.

In places like New York and Boston, it may seem like the frosty, cold temperatures will never end. However, if you start your plants indoors, you can extend your growing period so that you can grow any strain. You can sprout your seeds indoors in an controlled environment with artificial light at the end of February

Also germinate your seeds if you want to make your own clones.  Grow your mother plants inside until its warm enough.

Create a cozy indoor growing space with a CFL grow, 18 hours of sunlight and of course, some fresh air. Your grow area should be kept between 68 and 77 degrees. Check out “how to germinate marijuana seeds” for specific guidance.

You can also begin prepping your soil if you aren’t in Alaska or the Midwest. After the last frost, loosen up your soil by adding worms and compost.

March

Average Day Length: 9 hours 30 minutes to 12 hours 50 minutes
Average Temperature: 31 degrees to 54 degrees

Alaska:
Average day length: 10 hours 40 minutes to 13 hours 15 minutes
Average Temperature: 0 degrees to 24 degrees

It’s starting to warm up on the coasts, and the days are getting very long around Seattle and Portland. Growing time is getting close. If you haven’t already ordered your seeds, do it now.

You should also have your mother plant ready by the end of this month if you plan to use one.

If you are ready to go, you can start sprouting your plants in a windowsill at the end of the month. Make sure they get some good sunlight and keep a good watch on the day length. By this time, areas near Seattle are receiving more than 12 hours of sunlight, while Alaska has 13.

However, most of the country will not have as much sunlight. If your plants aren’t getting enough sunlight, set a lamp over your plant a few extra hours each day. That way, you won’t have to worry about premature flowering.

April

Average Day Length: 12 hours 40 minutes to 14 hours 25 minutes
Average Temperature: 35 degrees to 62 degrees

Alaska:
Average day length: 13 hours 15 minutes to 15 hours 45 minutes
Average Temperature: 24 degrees to 45 degrees

Congratulations, it’s April! That means flowers, followed by May showers. The middle of this month marks the beginning of long days, with everyone having at least 14 hour days by the end of the month. Once the days are that long, you will not need any more artificial lighting.

Your windowsill plants will not need any more help with light once the days reach 14 hours, and your seeds will find it easy to sprout.

By the end of the month, it’s safe to take your plants outside – especially if you are on the West coast. Simply put them in a container and put them outside, bringing them indoors at night. Midwest growers may want to make sure the risk of frost has passed first. Alaskan growers will need to wait another month or place the plants in containers and bring them inside during cold nights.

If you created a mother plant, it’s time to make clones. Read the article “How to make clones” for more information

May

Average Day Length: 14 hours to 15 hours 40 minutes
Average Temperature: 52 degrees to 72 degrees

Alaska:
Average day length: 15 hours 45 minutes to 17 hours 45 minutes
Average Temperature: 40 degrees to 61 degrees

May is the start of outdoor marijuana. It’s finally Spring – even in Alaska. If you live on the Alaskan coast, it’s probably okay to start placing your plants outside. Stay vigilant for frost, of course. The Alaskan interior should wait until the middle of the month – just to be safe.

If you have autoflowering seeds, you’ll begin sprouting them the second half of this month. They need three months of summer to grow, and for some parts of the Midwest and Alaska, that’s all the time you will have before the freezing temperatures return. Expect your harvest to be ready mid-August.

June

Average Day Length: 14 hours 50 minutes to 15 hours 55 minutes
Average Temperature: 54 degrees to 81 degrees

Alaska:
Average day length: 17 hours 50 minutes to 18 hours 15 minutes
Average Temperature: 52 degrees to 71 degrees

June is when your plants will experience the most growth – especially between June 18th and June 24th. You’ll see your autoflowering plants grow rapidly as they begin to develop flowers. Your non-autoflowering plant will also speed up, thanks to the warming temperatures.

July

Average Day Length: 14 hours 5 minutes to 15 hours 55 minutes
Average Temperature: 58 degrees to 85 degrees

Alaska:
Average day length: 16 hours 30 minutes to 18 hours 15 minutes
Average Temperature: 55 degrees to 73 degrees

In this hot month, your autoflowing plants will now have large flower cluster, while some non-autoflowering plants will have their first pistils.

If you decided to use regular (non-feminized) seeds, now is when you’ll need to be checking for male plants. Keep an eye on the side branches and quickly remove them. You’ll recognize the males because they will develop flowerheads at the root of the side branch. These flowerheads will look like two small balls that are resting on a short, thin stem.

Female plants, however, will have drop-shaped calyxes that have two white pistils protruding from them.

August

Average Day Length: 13 hours 5 minutes to 14 hours 55 minutes
Average Temperature: 58 degrees to 84 degrees

Alaska:
Average day length: 14 hours to 16 hours 25 minutes
Average Temperature: 49 degrees to 66 degrees

Remember those autoflowers that sprouted back in late May? It’s now time to harvest them. Cut the flower heads and hang them upside down in a dark place to dry. Dry them at room temperature – don’t try to speed up the process by making it too hot. It should take about 10 days.

Dry your autoflowers at this time

You’re done when the branchlet cracks when you bend it.

Near the end of the month, most areas will have less than 14 hours of sunlight. Alaska is the exception. Once this happens, non-autoflowering plants will begin their last flowering phase.

September

Average Day Length: 11 hours 40 minutes to 13 hours 20 minutes
Average Temperature: 54 degrees to 76 degrees

Alaska:
Average day length: 11 hours 30 minutes to 14 hours
Average Temperature: 38 degrees to 55 degrees

If you are growing non-autoflowering plants, (photoperiod plants) they will start developing more pistils and flowerheads at the beginning of this month. You’ll want to make sure they stay dry during this time – perhaps, build them a shelter, or take them indoors.

Take your plants inside during cold and rainy days if you have the space

The Wind can also be a problem during this month as the seasons start to change. Prevent your plants from falling over by adding a net or using bamboo sticks.

Fall officially begins the end of this month, but it will be a slow transition on the West Coast and in Alaska as the sun tends to linger around a bit longer.

October

Average Day Length: 10 hours to 13 hours 5 minutes
Average Temperature: 46 degrees to 64 degrees

Alaska:
Average day length 11 hours 30 minutes to 14 hours
Average Temperature: 20 degrees to 33 degrees

Autumn is officially here, and many outdoor-grown plants have bloomed. Unfortunately, this is a high-risk time for most northern growers. Especially in areas where it’s cold (Midwest and Alaska) or wet (Pacific Coast), you need to keep an eye out for bud rot.

If you notice any signs of bud rot, it’s time to harvest. An early harvest is better than none at all. Read more about bud rot the the article “How to prevent Bud Rot

The United States has multiple climate regions, each affecting how your plant grows. In general, marijuana loves mild temperatures and plenty of sunlight, which can be found in many parts of the country.

Do you grow in the northern half of the United States? Did we miss some important dates?

Let us know in the comments below, and we’ll update the calendar. We love reading your comments and your experiences and believe that together, we can all grow the best weed.

Here’s to a great 2017 harvest!

Grow Calendar – Southern Edition

Grow Calendar – Southern Edition:

  • February
  • March
  • April
  • May
  • June
  • July
  • August
  • September
  • October

The days are growing longer, which means it is almost time to grow some marijuana! Sure, the true outdoor growing season doesn’t start until mid-May, but who says you can’t get started early? In fact, there is a popular saying: “the early bird gets more bud,” or at least that’s how I remember it.

Don’t let the long winter fool you, for the southern half of the United States it is almost time to start growing! Keep an eye out for that last front and use this calendar to help plan this year’s grow season.

We are going to cover everything you need to you the next 7-8 months. This 2017 Outdoor Grow Calendar includes average day lengths and temperatures for the southern half of the country, including Hawaii.

A Few Notes:

  • Averages are based on Los Angeles, Houston, and Miami
  • Southern West Coast growers can expect the most sun and the coolest average temperatures year-round.
  • Central areas will have the hottest summers, while the Southeast will experience the hottest spring and fall.
  • The shortest summer days are in Hawaii.

February

Average Day Length: 10 hours 30 minutes to 11 hours 40 minutes
Average Temperature: 49 degrees to 80 degrees

Hawaii:
Average day length: 11 hours 15 minutes to 11 hours 45 minutes
Average Temperature: 67 degrees to 81 degrees

Time to buy seeds! For most of the southern United States, the threat of frost has passed and it’s just about time to start growing. Because of the extended growing season in some areas of the south, it’s safe to choose sativa dominant plants. If you opt for an Indica, make sure you consider hot your summers generally become.

You can also begin sprouting your own seeds indoors until it is warm enough for your plant to go outdoors. Seedlings prefer a temperature between 68 and 77 degrees. While some areas, such as Hawaii and southern Florida, boast February temperatures like these, your plants will also need 18 hours of sunlight. So, you are going to want to invest in some CFL grow lights until the days get a bit longer.

You should also take this time to prep your soil. Now is the time to loosen it up a bit by adding compost and worms.

March

Average Day Length: 11:30 hours 30 minutes to 12 hours 30 minutes
Average Temperature: 50 degrees to 81 degrees

Hawaii:
Average day length: 11 hours 45 minutes to 12 hours 20 minutes
Average Temperature: 68 degrees to 82 degrees

The warmest areas of the United States are starting to feel like summer, and the interior is no longer at risk of frost. Assuming you already have your seeds, you can begin sprouting plants in the window sill this month. Your plants need to be receiving at least 12 hours of sunlight, so if the days are not quite long enough yet, add a lamp an extra hour a day to make sure they receive enough.

If your plants do not get enough sunlight, they may start flowering early – and you do not want that.

If you decided to use a mother plant, spend some time tending it. It needs to be ready by the end of the month if you plan on using your clones outdoors.

April

Average Day Length: 12 hours 30 minutes to 13 hours 30 minutes
Average Temperature: 55 degrees to 84 degrees

Hawaii:
Average day length: 12 hours 20 minutes to 12 hours 55 minutes
Average Temperature: 70 degrees to 83 degrees

April raises the temperature just a bit and lengthens days significantly (except in Hawaii). You’ll notice the longer days around the middle of the month, with most southern areas reaching 13 hour days by the end of April. At this point, you won’t need those lamps in your windowsill anymore. Make sure they are receiving as close to 13 hours of sunlight as possible, and your seeds should easily sprout.

In fact, if you live in the Southeast, it’s probably safe to take your plants off the windowsill and into the fresh air. The Southeast tend to have the warmest spring temperatures in the southern half of the United States. As a rule of thumb, if it’s 70 degrees, you’re probably okay to let them sit outside during the day. Remember to bring them indoors at night!

If you created a mother plant in late February, now is the time to start making your clones. Read the article “How to make clones” for more information

May

Average Day Length: 13 hours 10 minutes to 14 hours 15 minutes
Average Temperature: 60 degrees to 87 degrees

Hawaii:
Average day length: 12 hours 56 minutes to 13 hours 20 minutes
Average Temperature: 71 degrees to 85 degrees

May is the start of outdoor marijuana. Spring has arrived – although, in some places, it already feels like summer. Go ahead and place your plants outside permanently.

Plant your autoflowering seeds by the middle of the month. By that time, they’ll have plenty of sunlight to grow, and the temperature is just right. You’ll be ready to harvest the beginning of August. As a note to any Hawaii growers, do not choose strains that require higher than average amounts of sunlight for outdoor growing, as Hawaiian summer days are the shortest in the country.

June

Average Day Length: 14 hours 15 minutes to 14 hours 45 minutes
Average Temperature: 60 degrees to 91 degrees

Hawaii:
Average day length: 13 hours 20 minutes
Average Temperature: 74 degrees to 87 degrees

June is when outdoor marijuana plants grow the most – specifically between June 18th and June 24th. Autoflowers begin to develop flowers, and non-autoflowers grow faster.

June is also when Hawaii starts to experience the shortest days in the country, as compared to California, where outdoor plants receive up to 90 extra minutes of sunlight.

July

Average Day Length: 13 hours 30 minutes to 14 hours 20 minutes
Average Temperature: 65 degrees to 93 degrees

Hawaii:
Average day length: 13 hours 5 minutes to 13 hours 20 minutes
Average Temperature: 75 degrees to 88 degrees

The hottest month of the year produces large flower clusters on autoflowers while your non-autoflowers may show their first pistils.

If you used regular (non-feminized) seeds, now is the time to look for pesky male plants. Watch those side branches for flowerheads at the bottom of the side branches that look like two small balls resting on a short, thin stem. If you see them, quickly remove them. Females, on the other hand, will have drop-shaped calyxes with two white pistils protruding from them.

August

Average Day Length: 12 hours 45 minutes to 13 hours 50 minutes
Average Temperature: 65 degrees to 95 degrees

Hawaii:
Average day length: 12 hours 30 minutes to 13 hours 5 minutes
Average Temperature: 75 degrees to 89 degrees

Your autoflowers from May are now ready to harvest! Go ahead and cut off the flower heads and hang them upside down in a dark place to dry. Don’t try to rush the process by messing with the temperature- dry them at room temperature.

It should only take about 10 days. Test for readiness by seeing if the branchlet cracks when you bend it. Read my article article “How to harvest marijuana plants” for more info

It also may be time to harvest your non- autoflowers, since the days have dropped below 14 hours and they must be harvested before they reach 13. That means, Hawaiian and Southeast growers have a shortened outdoor growing season and must choose autoflower strains with short growing cycles, since this date comes quicker for them.

Once the days drop below 14 hours, non-autoflowering plants start their last flowering phase and begin to die. If you are in an area with limited amounts of daylight, you can bring them indoors and use lamps to extend the growing season a little bit longer.

For non-autoflowering (photoperiod) plants that are not ready to harvest, you’ll see more pistils and flowerheads. Keep them protected from the wind and dry by building a shelter or bringing them inside if they are potted. You can also stabilize them by using bamboo sticks.

September

Average Day Length: 11 hours 50 minutes to 12 hours 50 minutes
Average Temperature: 64 degrees to 89 degrees

Hawaii:
Average day length: 11 hours 57 minutes to 12 hours 30 minutes
Average Temperature: 75 degrees to 89 degrees

Fall comes at the end of this month, but some parts of America may not notice, at least temperature-wise. However, the shorter days near the end of the month are a clear indicator that the growing season is nearly over.

Many plants will be ready to harvest during this month if you haven’t already.  Read my article article “How to harvest marijuana plants” for more info

October

Average Day Length: 10 hours 50 minutes to 11 hours 50 minutes
Average Temperature: 60 degrees to 86 degrees

Hawaii:
Average day length 11 hours 20 minutes to 11 hours 55 minutes
Average Temperature: 74 degrees to 87 degrees

Autumn is here and the outdoor growing season is officially over. While plants in most of the southern United States should have already bloomed, there may be some that finish up this month. If your plants are still growing at this time, be especially careful of cold, wet temperatures. This can cause bud rot, which can ruin your harvest. The heartland of America is most at risk for this.

If you notice any signs of bud rot, harvest immediately – some is better than none. Read more about bud rot the the article “How to prevent Bud Rot

There are many climate regions in the United States, each impacting your plant’s growing season. The important thing to remember in the southern half of the United States is that marijuana loves sunlight. Growing outdoors means you need to time your growing for when it can receive the most of it.

Do you grow in the southern half of the United States? Did we leave something out?

Let us know in the comments, and we’ll update this calendar. Together we can share knowledge to grow the best marijuana in the USA.

Here’s to a great 2017 harvest!

Marijuana and Appetite

A lack of appetite can be a serious condition when chronic. When we don’t eat, our health suffers.

Many conditions, as well as medications, cause a lack of appetite. However, there aren’t many ways to treat it.

Marijuana is an approved medication for appetite loss; however, CBD may also help ease symptoms. This article explains how marijuana is used to stimulate appetite and help people regain their health.

Lack of Appetite

While there is plenty of exposure given to the phenomenon of overeating and obesity in the United States and around the world, the truth is that a lack of appetite can be an equally troublesome problem. Not having an appetite can cause problems for people who are already underweight, or individuals who are losing weight when they shouldn’t or don’t want to.

What causes lack of appetite

A lack of appetite can be due to a variety of reasons. One reason for losing your appetite could be the side effects of a medication that you are on. It could also be the result of emotional causes such as stress, anxiety, or depression. Sometimes food doesn’t seem to taste good, or cooking a meal feels like too much work. In any case, it’s important to get back to a healthy and normal appetite so you can maintain a healthy weight and your health overall.

Symptoms Lack of Appetite

Lack of Appetite

Types of lack of appetite

There are a variety of feelings that cause a lack of appetite. It might be a disinterest in eating food altogether because it simply doesn’t appeal, or it might be that you have mouth pain, tooth pain, or some other symptom, causing you not to want to chew any food. Perhaps you have undergone treatment for something unrelated, and a lack of appetite is a side effect of that. Maybe you feel sick to your stomach, and the idea of eating is not a pleasant one.

Symptoms of lack of appetite

If you no longer have an interest in eating the foods that you normally would love to eat; you likely are suffering from a lack of appetite. If your meals are getting smaller or you aren’t able to finish a “normal” amount of food for more than just a day or two (or more than a temporary reaction to the flu or a cold), then it’s probably a lack of appetite that needs to be addressed.

Nausea can also be a significant symptom of and cause for lack of appetite. This can come from a variety of causes, sometimes making it difficult to fix. A lack of appetite, in general, is hard to fix, as forcing food down is not a pleasant endeavor for anyone.

Symptoms included with a lack of appetite are sometimes:

  • Lack of interest in food
  • Dry mouth
  • Nausea
  • Diarrhea
  • Dulled taste buds
  • Weight loss

Current treatments for lack of appetite

There are certain actions recommended for lack of appetite, chosen based on the reasons behind it and the specific symptoms. For example, when suffering from nausea, you’re often told to eat bland foods and not lie down after eating. This is somewhat useful at best, and for some people, it simply doesn’t work at all.

Medication for Appetite

Medication for Appetite

If you have dry mouth from something such as a disease, nerve damage, or chemotherapy, you may be told that chewing gum or sucking on a hard candy will help stimulate saliva production. Drinking water and non-alcoholic, non-caffeinated drinks is supposed to help as well.
If your lack of appetite comes from a tooth or mouth ache, they’ll say eat soft foods instead of ones that need to be chewed. This, of course, is only a short-term solution, as it’s important to include solids in your diet.

Tip: make sure to download my free Grow Bible for more information about treatments

Sometimes a lack of appetite comes from a decrease in the ability to taste. This can be a result of taking medication or undergoing radiation therapy, having a head trauma, an ear infection, or even problems in your teeth. One way to fight this is to choose good-looking foods — but still, this will only help a little bit.
There are a variety of at-home methods for stimulating appetite, but they are all relatively unreliable. If your problem is nausea, medication can help — but that always comes with a list of unpleasant or even potentially dangerous side effects.

CBD and lack of appetite

It’s no secret that using marijuana stimulates the appetite. In perhaps more common terms, it gives users “the munchies.” It seems to cause users to want more food to no end. While this can be troublesome for those prone to overeating, for people suffering from a lack of appetite, it is a godsend.

Medical Research on Medical Marijuana and Lack of appetite

Perhaps because it’s one of the most starkly noticeable effects of consuming marijuana, studies have been done on the curious “munchies” phenomenon. One Yale study delved into the experience, exploring why marijuana users want to eat, explaining the science behind it. Basically, there is a mechanism in our bodies that turns off feeding, but after smoking marijuana that mechanism is actually responsible for causing our brain to want more food. Feeling full has little effect on a person with “the munchies.”

Medical Research in Marijuana for Lack of Appetite

Medical Research in Marijuana for Lack of Appetite

This same study pointed out the benefits such an effect can have on certain people, such as cancer patients who are undergoing treatment and lose their appetite as a result. The same neurons in the brain that are responsible for this switch are also responsible for things such as alertness and sexual arousal. These neurons are known as POMC neurons, or pro-opiomelanocortin neurons. These neurons are located in the hypothalamus are described in this study from 2014.

Medical Research on CBD and lack of appetite

While CBD isn’t known for its appetite-stimulating properties (in other words, it doesn’t give users “the munchies” the same way THC is known to do); it can still have some beneficial effects on people suffering from a lack of appetite. One of these significant benefits is functioning as a digestive aid; both because it stimulates appetite and it eases nausea and vomiting.

While research into the beneficial properties of CBD for people with a lack of appetite is only in its beginning stages; there is enough anecdotal evidence to show that it can have at least some benefit to those who are suffering from a lack of appetite.

CBD vs THC

Marijuana is best known for containing cannabinoids, and CBD as well as THC are both examples of the many cannabinoids contained within this amazing plant. Cannabinoids are taken in by the endocannabinoid system within our bodies; this is how our body is able to react to these substances. At least 7 cannabinoids are contained within marijuana plants.

CBD helps out the gastrointestinal system (which is good for lack of appetite) and also assists with inflammation; emotional disorders (which can also affect appetite); and eases the symptoms of neurological disorders. It reduces pain as well, but it doesn’t stimulate appetite the same way as THC.

THC is responsible for the “high” feeling that is famous of marijuana. It stimulates appetite extremely well, and it also assists with fatigue and asthma.

How to take medical marijuana for lack of appetite

If a lack of appetite is causing a problem with your health, you might be interested in using cannabis to help. You can take marijuana in a variety of ways, including the most common (or at least the most stereotypes), smoking it. Smoking it can, unfortunately, reduce the beneficial, healing effects that marijuana can have, however, so other methods are often preferred when using marijuana for its medicinal properties.

medical vaporizer cannabis

Medical vaporizer cannabis

One such way of taking marijuana is using a vaporizer. While it seems similar to smoking, it actually does not need to be heated up as high, meaning the marijuana’s therapeutic effects are allowed to be felt in their full force. Vaporizing provides fast relief when it is needed. Other options are tinctures, pills, transdermal applications, or edibles.

CBD oil to treat lack of appetite

If you suffer from a lack of appetite, it is possible that CBD oil could help you quite a bit. This, of course, will vary based on what is behind your lack of appetite. Theoretically speaking; if your gastrointestinal issues are causing a lack of appetite, then taking CBD oil in some form should relieve that. If you simply don’t feel like eating for reasons unknown, THC might additionally benefit you.

CBD oil is a concentrated form of marijuana that can allow you to get the benefits of CBD without needing to deal with any part of the plant. For people wanting fast relief but who don’t want to smoke marijuana, CBD oil can be the best choice for the relief of their lack of appetite.

Grow your own appetite medication

Instead of paying for costly and dangerous prescription drugs; growing your own “medication” in the form of marijuana can be an extremely healthy and practical option. This will allow you to have exactly as much as you need, whenever you need it; without a middle man (a doctor eager to write prescriptions) involved.

The main thing you need to think about when growing marijuana is which strain you want to grow, as different strains can vary in the effects that they have on the user. The best strains for appetite stimulation are those with CBD and THC, such as ….. Order them today and get going on relieving your lack of appetite.

How And When To Flush Marijuana

flush

Here’s a look at when to flush marijuana plants, as well as how to do so.

When it comes to harvesting your marijuana plants, many people think that the timing and the actual process of harvesting are all that matters. Truth be told, however, many other aspects also come into play. One of these aspects is flushing before the harvest.

Flushing can be critical, and it isn’t too difficult to do. That being said, the timing can be tricky, and it can turn the end result into something fantastic or something terrible.

When you have already spent so much time, money, and effort on keeping your plants happy and healthy this far, it would be a mighty shame to flush incorrectly (or not at all). If you did, you’d end up with weed that is less than adequate in terms of taste and smoking quality.

In this article, we will look at the basics of flushing your marijuana plants. We will talk about what it is, how to do it properly, and the best time for flushing your plants.

What is flushing?

Flushing is the process of removing leftover nutrients from the soil of your marijuana plants with neutral water. Water is an incredibly powerful element, and it can do wonders for your marijuana plants beyond simply your feeding regiment. It can flush away leftover nutrients and minerals, allowing the soil and plants to be fresh again.

what is flushing marijuana plant

Taking away the minerals may sound like a negative thing to do at first, but in fact; it is an incredibly helpful thing. Flushing out minerals paves the way for the roots to take in any remaining nutrients.

Much like people or animals; it’s a way of “starving” the plants so it absorbs any fat that was left over and can be used for energy. The hard part is to time it right. You need to flush your marijuana plants at a short enough time before the harvest that the plants don’t have enough time to start becoming unhealthy.

Why should I flush?

You should flush your marijuana plants before the harvest because it will allow the buds to become smoother and higher quality. However, if you are an impatient person or aren’t good at this kind of thing; you may want to either reconsider or take extra time to plan it carefully. This is because, when timed wrong; a flush can actually have a negative effect on your marijuana plants, thus lowering the yield at the end.

The main aspect of flushing is to improve the taste of your cured marijuana. There is often a “chemical” taste with lots of marijuana; and that means there were too many nutrients at the point of harvest and the grower didn’t flush (or at least they didn’t flush properly). If you flush, however, there will only be the pure taste of the marijuana and it will even be a smoother smoke.

maximize marijuana taste

Some marijuana growers might argue that flushing isn’t necessary because they can just cure their weed at the very end in a way that makes up for the chemical taste and the lack of flushing. While this isn’t entirely untrue — proper curing can do wonders for fixing any flushing mistakes — it still does not replace the act of flushing altogether.

Instead, you should be both flushing out your plants before the harvest and curing them well after the harvest. This will ensure that your buds will be extremely smooth to smoke, causing no coughing or throat irritation to speak of. Maybe even the taste itself will be totally different and improved. You will just have to see for yourself!

When should I flush?

The best time to flush your marijuana plants is approximately two weeks before you plan on harvesting. However, this timing does not work perfectly for all marijuana strains and grow setups. In terms of timing the harvest itself, keep a close eye on the trichomes of your plants, because they will clearly illustrate which plants are ready to be harvested.

flush before harvest

Check the trichomes before flushing

Plants that have mostly clear trichomes and only a few that are milky and white are too early to harvest — but are perfect for flushing. Think of it like this: two weeks after the big flush, you want most of the trichomes to have already changed color. This can be tricky, especially for new growers, but it is important to think about nonetheless. Be sure to check out my free Grow Bible for more tips on when and howto harvest.

Make sure you flush your marijuana plants when the harvest window is open. The timing also varies according to your grow medium and setup. For example, people who are growing their marijuana plants in amended soil should not flush at all, while people growing their plants in soil should flush them several weeks (1-2 or more) before the harvest. Coco growers should flush their plants about a week before harvest, while other hydroponics growers should only flush for a few days.

Other uses for flushing

Flushing is more than just a step to take just before the harvest. If during the middle of your plants’ vegetative state, they end up with nutrient burn or toxicity, flushing with water is an excellent way to get rid of those nutrients and start over with a healthier dose.

Overfeeding marijuana plants can cause a nutrient burn effect. If you start seeing the tips of your plants’ leaves changing from green to other colors, you may want to consider flushing the soil to fix the problem. But don’t flush your marijuana plants until you are certain.

Papa Green from 420magazine summarized it well:

There are three basic times/reasons to flush:
1. Pre-Harvest Flush – many folks agree that this will improve the flavor of the cured bud. If you’re using Clearex then you can flush as close as 3 days before harvest. Other methods should be done a week to 10 days before harvest and repeated three days later.

2. When you dramatically change the nutrient schedule – usually when you start Flowering, some flush entering Veg as well. This is a preventative flush. Again – not mandatory, but not a bad idea. Also, in soil, this is about the time the plants have sucked all the nutes from the soil, And before you go jacking it up with your own mix; its not a bad idea to sort of zero it out.

3. If you are experiencing Nutrient Lockout. – Usually (NOT ALWAYS!) when you have a dramatic nutrient imbalance the cure is not to try to figure out the exact one, but flush the plants, and add a fresh WELL BALANCED and MEDIUM STRENGTH dose of nutes. Now don’t go flushing at every burned leaf or tinge of yellow. Use common sense. But if you see dramatic problems, and there are no obvious signs of another problem like heat, cold, grey goop in the res, root rot, etc – then its prolly not a bad idea to flush the plants and re-fill the res.

How to flush your marijuana plants

Flushing is more than just blasting your marijuana plants with water. In fact, it should include no water blasting at all. Instead, you simply need to water your marijuana plants with pH-neutral water at the time that you normally would feed them.

It can be simply water from the tap that hasn’t been treated at all, but you should definitely check the pH level of such water to make sure that it is safe to feed to your plants. The good news is that most water from the tap in the United States qualifies, but it is always worth checking anyway because having the wrong pH and feeding it to your plants could have some major adverse effects.

When giving your plant a flush, put in as much water as possible – as much as the soil can hold.

After a few minutes of waiting, pour more water into the soil so that the rest gets pushed downwards. If you are pot-growing your plants, you will be able to see the water pouring out the bottom.

Video by MedicalMarijuanaCure

You con also purchase a TDS meter to measure its total dissolved solids, especially if it looks dirty or discolored. The typical TDS (“total dissolved solids”) of normal drained water is 1300ppm. You can use this meter to keep flushing your marijuana plants until the water coming out the bottom is down to 50ppm.

The water will even look cleaner as well. This is because dissolved minerals are being taken out.  This little trick helps ensure the flushing method has actually worked. Remember, this can only be done in indoor grow setups with potted marijuana plants.

Be sure to acquire the correct TDS meter if you don’t have one yet.

selection of tds meters

Flushing techniques

Flushing employs several techniques that are beneficial for the removal of unwanted and excess nutrients before the harvest. One technique is stress. Flushing makes the roots of your marijuana plants stressed out to some degree, and that stress results in the faster expenditure of your plants’ energy and resources. That means that any nutrients that remained are used up, allowing for the plant to be purified of these chemicals.

Mineral salts is another technique that works well for hydroponics systems. You add large mineral particles to the solution you are flushing your marijuana plants with, and they will pull away any of the extra deposits of minerals around the roots. They are too big to be absorbed, which lets them stay outside of the plant.

marijuana nutrient flush

The hormones technique is all about maturing your plant quickly. If your flushing solution has a natural plant hormone, your marijuana plants will naturally mature faster. It causes the minerals and nutrients in the plant to be used up while also forcing the marijuana buds to become more potent quickly by ripening faster. This makes the quality of the yield higher, assuming you harvest at the right time.

Keep an eye out for yellowing

When your flushing time begins, you should start paying closer attention to your marijuana plants. This especially means keeping an eye on their coloring. If they start going yellow a little bit, that’s completely normal for a pre-harvest marijuana plant, and you don’t have to worry. If they get to the point where all the leaves on the plant are yellow, your buds are going to start going downhill quickly (since the plant isn’t taking in sunlight energy anymore), so you need to harvest as soon as possible.

It is also important to consider the aesthetic appearance of your buds and their immediately surrounding leaves (the sugar leaves). You don’t want them to yellow before you harvest, or else the resulting weed won’t look good at all. Make sure those leaves are green when you harvest, or harvest them as soon as you see the tiniest tinge of yellow.

flushing cannabis plant yellow leaves

Yellow leaves on flushed plants

Sometimes, catching the yellowing of your plant in time can be difficult. This is because it can occur at an astoundingly fast rate, leaving marijuana growers dazed and confused when their plant has basically turned yellow overnight. The yellowing of the sugar leaves could even cause the buds to start turning yellow if left to their own devices.

Discoloration on your marijuana plants is not exclusive to the color yellow, either. Plants that are turning red, purple or another color should also be paid attention to.

This does not apply to the buds at all (since that’s just genetics), but rather to the leaves. This discoloration indicates that the time to harvest is coming up fast. Like when the leaves turn yellow, the leaves won’t be able to absorb sunlight energy when they are purple or red (or any color besides green).

The buds will be degrading if they are turning brown and feel rather crispy to the touch. This means that you must harvest them right away because they will only lose potency very rapidly at this point, and you should try and conserve as much of the remaining potency as possible.

Clearing and salt leaching solutions

It’s important to understand that certain supplements can be added to the water you are flushing your marijuana plants with. It should not be a nutrient solution, but perhaps a beneficial root bacteria (ideal for hydroponic growers), pH balancing supplements, blackstrap molasses (which can make your marijuana sweeter), and clearing or “salt leaching” solutions.

solutions for flushing cannabis

These solutions can be added to the water you flush your marijuana plants with in order to be extra effective in removing salts and minerals. If you have been feeding your plants a lot of nutrients during their regular growth, these might make for a good option to counterbalance that. Check out FloraKleen by General Hydroponics or Clearex by Botanicare for best results. If your plants obtained their nutrients from the soil itself, you wouldn’t need to use these products at all. Want to learn more about rich soil and the best nutrient solutions? Check out my free Grow Bible.

How do I flush in a hydroponics setup?

If you are growing your marijuana plants in a hydroponics setup, flushing can still play a major role for you. In fact; flushing in this type of grow medium is even easier than flushing in a soil-based (or similar) grow setup.

You will only need to make sure all of the water in the reservoir is replaced with pH;neutral water that contains zero nutrients. Plus, flushing should only be done a few days before harvest in a hydroponics system (compared to several weeks in a soil grow medium).

Thanks for reading and be sure to share your flushing experiences below!

Marijuana Phenotypes And Genotypes: What Are They?

In the marijuana scene phenotypes and genotypes have become popular buzz-words. But what are they?

Phenotypes and genotypes
Are you confused about marijuana phenotypes and genotypes? This article will explain their differences.

If you are in the marijuana world, you have probably already noticed that the same strains can taste vastly different, as well as have completely distinct effects on the user. Besides growing techniques used this difference mostly comes from one thing: genetics.

Of course, the environment a marijuana plant has grown in will also have a massive impact on the end result.

Plants that come from the same strain can end up vastly different because they were grown by different people, or in a different environment. That being said, the genetics determine the potential of the plant. If there is a marijuana plant that starts out with poor genetics, even the best environment won’t lead to a successful plant.

Genetics and strains go together; however, growers and marijuana enthusiasts often misuse some of the terms. What do the terms genotype and phenotype mean? And how can we use them to help us grow better, more potent marijuana?

Genotype versus phenotype

In genetics, there is a distinctive difference between genotype and phenotype. The genotype is the actual genetic code of any type of organism – human, fruit fly, a marijuana plant, and so on. It maps out how that organism will grow, or at least what the potential options are. From there, the environmental conditions determine how the plant will actually turn out.

marijuana dna string

The phenotype, on the other hand, is the physical expression of this genetic makeup. Phenotype is determined by the genotype, but there can be major differences in phenotype when in fact the genotype is quite similar. The phenotype, or the physical expressions of the genetics, can be determined and affected by the environment the plant is growing in.

Whether we’re talking about smell, taste, color, shape, and potency (specifically with regards to the amount of resin being produced), the phenotype is at work.

Marijuana genetics from the beginning

To properly understand the workings behind marijuana genetics, it’s important to have a complete understanding of how it all began. Marijuana is indeed an old plant, although its exact origins aren’t entirely known. Throughout history, it has global connections.

One of the first cannabis strains came from Pakistan, specifically in the Hindu Kush region. Another evolved in tropical regions of the world. These strains are considered some of the best in the world, due in large part to the fact that they evolved naturally over thousands of years, making them strong, hardy, and powerful plants geared specifically toward survival in their particular environment. These are called landrace strains.

In general, strains (indicas and sativas) can be traced back to certain types of climates. For example, indicas, which are shorter and heavily resin producing, evolved in areas that are between 30 and 50 degrees in latitude. Sativas, on the other hand, grow more slowly and are taller plants, and they liked evolved in areas near the equator (30 degrees latitude).

marijuana origin genotypes

Within each of these strains and regions, multiple varieties of marijuana evolved over time. Their genotypes and phenotypes varied according to the specific traits within the environment where they grew.

Growing marijuana indoors

Indoor growing became popular in the 1970s and 1980s. This was in response to increasing pressure from the  United States government who sought out marijuana growers and users. They demonized it as a dangerous drug.

Marijuana cultivators began taking their crops indoors to hidden, safer environment. Because of this new wave of growing style, electric lights and setups such as the hydroponics system were better developed and are more commonly used. Today, most marijuana on the market comes from these indoor grow environments.

Even though most marijuana comes from indoor growing; it’s thought in some circles that this unnatural growing environment is not ideal for marijuana plants. In these conditions, they will never be able to reach their full potential; as the phenotypes will only have a certain range of expression available.

Part of this has to do with the fact that marijuana strains were starting to be bred specifically for higher levels of THC rather than anything else, such as CBD. This means the marijuana plants grown are much more “one-sided” and truly do not have the potential that their ancestors evolved to.

Even with this more limited range of potential, there are still a variety of indoor environmental factors that will lead to great differences in phenotypic expression. These factors include the temperature, humidity, and lighting, the type of growing medium, the nutrients fed to the plants, and the time that the plants are harvested. Even something as seemingly small as the angle the lights are pointed at is relevant for the marijuana plants. Get more info about growing when downloading my free Grow Bible.

Hybrids

Right along the time that people began growing their marijuana plants indoors, they started hybridizing their marijuana plants as well. The best genetic aspects of indicas and sativas were aspired to be in a single plant. The indicas have shorter flowering periods and buds caked in resin, while sativas had a more desirable effect on the marijuana user.

indica sativa genotype

Indica and Sativa genetics were combined to create perfect hybrids

Growers wanted to have both, so they began hybridizing. Once this started happening, the entire spectrum of phenotypic expression options was expanded. It no longer included just sativa traits or indica traits, but a full range of both.

This also meant that it was harder to predict which traits would express themselves in any given hybrid plant. The options and possibilities are seemingly endless through breeding and experimenting. After all, if sativas are at one end of the spectrum and indicas are on the other (in terms of genetics), then everything in between suddenly becomes a possibility when you combine the two.

Sometimes genotypes and phenotypes come into play in an interesting way when hybridization occurs. For example, there are a number of strains that are genetically more sativa, but then phenotypically they more closely resemble an indica. The hybridization of marijuana has indeed changed the game when it comes to combining genetics.

The interaction of genotype, phenotype, and environment

To help understand phenotypes and genotypes in clearer terms, perhaps the best way to explain these terms is by putting them into an equation together. The equation would look something like this:

genotype + environment + the interaction of genotype and environment = phenotype.

This equation shows that the phenotype is a result of the genotype and environment interacting. But if this is the case, then why are all plants unique from one another? If the environment has so much to do with it; then wouldn’t the plants all growing in the same environment result in the exact same phenotypes?

The answer, of course, is no. Genotype is incredibly important in this equation; so there’s no need to downplay it. This is one of the many misunderstandings in the marijuana growing community; that the growing environment is the only factor to do with how your marijuana plants will look, taste, smell, and affect the user.

grow conditions marijuana genes

The truth is, genetics also make a massive difference in how plants turn out. This is the reason that grow articles will, time and time again, assert that even people growing on a budget should not buy the cheapest seeds available. They especially should not try growing marijuana plants from seeds they discovered in their weed. Because of the importance of genetics and genotype, doing such things would simply doom the grower to failure.

It’s important to keep in mind that no two genotypes will be exactly the same. Even if you purchase a batch of seeds from the exact same family, they won’t have 100% sameness. Think of them as siblings rather than identical twins. For that reason, in any batch of marijuana plants, there will be variations, no matter how consistent you keep their grow environment.

Clones

When it comes to marijuana genetics, it’s tough to cover the subject without bringing up the subject of clones as well. Cloning is the only way to know for a fact that the genotype of the younger plant will be the exact same as the mother plant.

genotype when cloning marijuana

Cloning is the only way to create almost identical plants

Even if you breed two plants that have the perfect genetics for what you would like to accomplish; there will always be additional variables added into the mix. Cloning, however, is copying the genes of one plant. Therefore, marijuana growers who want their entire grow setup to be filled with multiples of the same plant should clone their plants instead of ordering seeds or even breeding their own seeds from their past plants.

If you have a bunch of clones growing together and the environment is the same for all of them; you will end up with the same plant. Different environments, however, will lead to different results (which can be a useful experiment in its own way).

Blue Dream: A Look at One of the Most Popular Marijuana Strains

Blue Dream is one of the most popular marijuana strains in the country, and for good reason.

Its popularity likely comes from the fact that it’s a fantastic marijuana strain. Not only does it help with body relaxation and has cerebral stimulation effects, it also is great for medical use. It eases headaches, calms anxiety and depression, and helps with a plethora of other ailments. It is a strong product, giving users mental energy and a more social type of high.

Not only that, but Blue Dream is easier to grow than many other strains; this means it can be grown by pretty much anyone.

Now let’s take a closer look at this strain.

Blue Dream: Where did it Come From

It is said that the original Blue Dream was bred in Santa Cruz, California. As you’ll see in this Blue Dream review, it is a strain that is just as laid back as you can imagine the beach community of California to be.

The Blue Dream origin is an interesting but not altogether surprising one. Blue Dream came from a combination of several award-winning marijuana strains. One of the more highly rated sativas on the market, Blue Dream weed originates from a mix of Blueberry and Super Silver Haze. Both of these strains are highly renowned in the marijuana strain world, having won the High Times Cannabis Cup multiple times.

The strain stems from the medical marijuana community in California, a scene that is alive and well today. It is well known for its skunky smell that is in combination with fruit (specifically berries), cream, and woodsy, piney flavors.

Consuming experience and smoking effect

When you smoke Blue Dream, your brain will first experience the cerebral effects. It’s a rush in your head right away, but this eventually changes into a relaxing high in your body. Smoking Blue Dream is a popular choice because of these two effects in combination. You can expect to feel high for between two and three hours after smoking.

Many people prefer to smoke Blue Dream before going to bed because it helps with insomnia, mild pain, and stress. While it isn’t exactly sedating, it does have a distinctly relaxing feeling to it.

Blue Dream has a skunk taste mixed with fruity flavors, although it is also sometimes described as “woodsy.” The fruit can have a sour tinge to it in a very pleasant way. Cream or vanilla flavors are commonly included in the description, making for a smooth and relaxing flavor.

It’s been said it is very difficult to overdo it with this strain, meaning that if you forget how much you’ve had or you lose track of time, it’s no problem. This because paranoia is mostly nonexistent with this strain, as are other negative side effects (such as shakiness, edginess, speediness, and so on).

Blue Dream edibles should cause a similar feeling, although of course, it will take longer to set in (as with any edibles) and could be stronger when it does set in. That said, Blue Dream makes for an excellent edibles ingredient because it is tough to overdo it, even if you have more than you meant to.

Plant features

Blue Dream marijuana plants are relatively tall, or at least between medium and tall in height. Their leaves are long and thin in typical sativa style, and when the flowering phase comes about its buds are pale green and tinged with blue and purple. The hairs generally range between orange and brown.

Blue Dream is considered a sativa, although it is approximately 80 percent sativa and 20 percent indica. The Blue Dream strain contains somewhere between 15 and 20 percent THC.

Medicinal Use

Blue Dream is often used to help with symptoms such as stress, mild pain, and insomnia. This is because, although it starts out with a cerebral rush; it slowly morphs into a body stone, making the user absolutely relaxed. It eases pain such as arthritis and other aches and pains. The Blue Dream experience is a popular one for that, among other reasons.

Blue Dream is used specifically for people who have mild anxiety or mild post-traumatic stress disorder, as it eases both the body and the mind, leading to a complete feeling of relaxation. Some even assert that it’s a strain that works well in the daytime since the mind remains active (albeit relaxed) and it does not detract from motivation. If you have depression, you may want to give Blue Dream a try for the reasons above.

Some people use Blue Dream for other reasons altogether. It has been reported to help relieve nausea as well as stimulate the appetite (without leading to extreme overeating, like some strains). Its cotton mouth effect can even be useful, especially if you have glaucoma.

Growing

When it comes to growing Blue Dream, you will find that this sativa-dominant strain is relatively easy to grow. You can generally expect Blue Dream marijuana plants to get fairly tall, but not monstrous in height.

When you are growing Blue Dream, you should know that these plants function best if they are growing indoors. This applies to both a hydro setup and a soil medium. The key to growing Blue Dream indoors, however, is to make use of some effective pruning techniques.

In general, you can expect the flowering phase to last from between nine weeks to ten weeks. If you do it well, you could harvest as much as 600 grams of weed per square meter (3 ft.) of the plant.

Some people opt for growing Blue Dream outdoors, but these people generally live in places that are subtropical, such as the Mediterranean. If you are residing somewhere that has a bit cooler climate, then growing indoors is your best bet.

If you do decide to grow this strain outdoors, you should be aware of the fact that this strain is particularly susceptible to red spider mite infestations.

Be sure to download my free Grow Bible if you haven’t already. I’ll go into more detail on how to grow your favorite marijuana.

Germination

beginner germinate seed

Germination of Blue Dream should be just as effective as other strains, and perhaps even more reliable than most. To germinate seed, you can use the watercup method; paper towel method or the rock wool cube method and should have good success.

After germination, the seeds should do well when they are moved to soil (or your non-soil medium, depending on what you’ve chosen), as they root quickly and grow quickly, as well.

Transplanting

transplanting weed plant

Whether it’s a clone or another type of transplant, you can rest easy knowing that your Blue Dream marijuana plants will root very quickly and reliably. Blue Dream roots are a marijuana grower’s dream. In terms of an ideal strain to clone and transplant, Blue Dream makes the top of the list.

Growing

Blue Dream plants can grow very large. Therefore, during the vegetative phase, it’s important to be ready to employ topping and training techniques, unless you want the plants to grow to extremely tall heights. Most growers do not, however, because this is not ideal for an indoor setup. You can expect Blue Dream to grow swiftly and efficiently, so make sure you are closely monitoring your plants during the vegetation phase.

Some specific advice for Blue Dream marijuana growers is to stake the plants after just two weeks of growth to allow it to grow to its fullest potential. This, in combination with topping and training, will help mold the plants into bushy, highly productive ‘trees.’

Blue Dream plants use up a lot of nutrients. Don’’t be shy about feeding them; although if you are new, still be cautious when it comes to giving your plants nutrients. Nitrogen is specifically used up more quickly than the others. They also use a lot of water, so take that into consideration.

Flowering

Blue Dream marijuana plants take between nine and ten weeks for their flowering phase. This isn’t that long, and one of the best things about this period is its natural resistance to mildew. This makes it low-risk to grow (and to flower), which is highly relevant for the average grower.

Harvesting

best weed blue dream

For outdoor grown the strain, harvesting should be done in October, after the 9-10 week flowering period. If you are growing indoors, you can control the ‘seasons’ with your lighting.

Harvesting of Blue Dream is one of the best parts. You can expect to get around two pounds of weed per every 1000 Watt light in your indoor grow setup. Not only is it a high yielding plant, but it is also consistently high yielding. This makes it an excellent plant for beginners and veterans alike; each time you grow it, you can expect big results at harvest-time.

The Beginner’s Guide to Growing Marijuana

Growing Marijuana

Growing marijuana can seem like a daunting task for those who don’t have experience.

The truth is; however, it can be done by just about anyone. As long as a little time and effort are put into understanding how to do it, growing marijuana is pretty easy! Let’s take a beginner’s look at how to grow marijuana.

Overview of how to grow marijuana

Before you do anything at all, you need to take a few steps in terms of research and decision making. This will make a world of difference when you start growing marijuana. Whether it’s the location of where you grow your marijuana, the kind of lights you use, the type of growing environment you should set up, or the type nutrients you should feed your plants, it’s crucial to make some big decisions before you spend any money at all.

Where should I grow marijuana?

This is the biggest and simultaneously the simplest choice you need to make right away: should you grow marijuana indoors or outdoors? There are pros and cons to each, of course, but in the end, it comes down to what makes the most sense for your lifestyle and personal preferences as a whole.

Growing indoors
Growing marijuana indoors can have a lot of advantages. For one thing, it’s more private, so it isn’t out in the open for anyone to stumble upon. It’s not as expensive to set up as you might expect, and you can (and have to) control every aspect of the environment your plants are living in. If you are the type to live and let live rather than thriving in the ability to control every detail, growing indoors may not be for you.

Growing outdoors
If you are specifically looking to save money, growing outdoors might be a better option. You won’t need to purchase things such as lights (since the sun is all the light your plants will need), fans, containers for your plants or the medium they are growing in. That being said, some more unexpected surprises can come up when you’re growing marijuana outdoors. Whether it’s pests such as wildlife, insects, or other animals (including unwanted human visitors), privacy and security, or pollination from male plants elsewhere, growing outdoors can lead to plenty of hurdles.

What kind of grow light should I use?

You should use a grow light that makes the most sense for your particular indoor setup. Although buying a grow light is specifically for indoor settings, it’s still equally important to think about the sun and the amount of sun exposure to your plants if they are growing outdoors. They need a minimum of eight hours of direct sunlight per day to grow the best and fastest. In general, more light leads to more (and bigger) buds at the end.

For indoor growers, you will need to choose a specific type of light. Growers use CFLs, LEDs, MH lamps, HPS lights, and more. CFLs are most commonly used by beginners since they are so inexpensive. If this is your first time, it might be a good choice. LED lights are higher in power and higher in cost (significantly) but they require less electricity than MH or CPS. The latter cost less than LED upon purchase and highly powerful but require quite some more electricity. If you have a small grow setup, however, CFLs are likely the simplest choice for you. If you feel like splurging on the very best, go for a smaller MH/HPS grow light instead.

What kind of grow medium should I use?

The type of growing medium you choose for your marijuana plants will determine exactly how you will need to care for them. There are a lot of options besides simple soil, so it’s important to do your homework and find out the pros and cons of each before choosing one.

Most beginner growers start with soil anyway, since it is the easiest option out there for the inexperienced among us. If you want to try something besides soil, you can choose between perlite, coco coir, vermiculite, and more. These are considered soilless mixes, which are a type of hydroponic growing, technically speaking. Hydroponics involves growing your marijuana plants directly in water, which can be a complicated system but a highly fruitful and rewarding one — it is said that the highest yields are achieved in hydroponics systems.

Of course, you can also go the organic growing route: composting your own soil. It takes more work but leads to great taste and yield results, plus it makes for a very wise choice for the environmentally minded.

What type of nutrients should I feed my plants?

Unless you are using a type of soil that already includes a certain amount of nutrients, you are going to need to purchase nutrients in some form to feed to your plants. Marijuana plants need different ratios of nutrients depending on what phase of growth they are in. The main types of nutrients you need to worry about are nitrogen, potassium, and phosphorus.

The type of nutrient “food” you purchase also depends on the growing medium you decided to use. Hydroponics systems will need nutrients mixtures made specifically for hydroponic setups, for example. This will help to maximize the growth of your marijuana plants, and will avoid causing your plants “nutrient burn.”

Download my free marijuana grow guide at this link for more growing tips

An equally important aspect of nutrients and marijuana plants is the pH level of the soil (or other growing medium) at your plants’ roots. Even the water you feed your marijuana plants needs to be pH balanced, and you should test your pH periodically and especially if your plants start exhibiting any strange symptoms. When the pH level is too acidic or alkaline, you can balance it out with a variety of methods, such as adding certain ingredients to the soil. PH imbalances can lead to plant health issues. Find more on pH levels in soil and when growing hydroponically.

Which strain of marijuana should I choose?

Now you have finally gotten to the fun part: choosing and buying the marijuana seeds to get your grow setup started.

When buying seeds, the key is to purchase them from a trusted vendor. Many Americans can buy seeds online (after checking out reviews and doing their homework as to which seeds grow best in their home climate) from vendors who ship from outside the United States. Believe it or not, no one in the United States has gone to jail just for ordering marijuana seeds from outside the US. Although shipments are always made discreetly, this can help you proceed with confidence.

Choosing a strain is a completely different issue — you will need to choose one that is easy for beginners to grow but also thrives in your climate. Check out the list of beginner strains below for more information.

How do I germinate marijuana seeds?

Assuming you bought seeds instead of clones, you are first going to need to germinate them. Do this by purchasing a starter cube and make sure it stays moist (not wet) and warm (not hot). Keep it this way, and you will see the beginnings of a young marijuana plant popping up after just a few days or up to a week.

If you don’t have a starter cube we recommend putting them in a glass of water for a few days, until they grow a little tail. This can take more than 24 hours in some cases. Make sure the temperature of the water is at 68 degrees and the PH should be around 6. When the tail is out, you can plant them.

Some people prefer to use a paper towel method instead, which involves putting seeds into a moist paper towel and within two plates to keep the moisture inside. This should take a few days to a week as well.

How do I grow marijuana plants during the vegetative stage?

The vegetative stage is when your marijuana plants are going to grow rapidly and turn into the “typical” marijuana plant that everyone recognizes. The goal of the grower is generally to get their marijuana plants to grow as fast and vigorous as possible while keeping them healthy and bushy, so they have a successful and productive flowering phase later.

An ideal temperature helps keep your plants growing strong — somewhere between 70 and 85 degrees Fahrenheit should do the trick. When you’re feeding your plants nutrients, be sure to feed them only half the recommended amount until the plants are growing extremely fast, and the only use three-quarters strength. During the vegetative phase, you won’t know if your plants will be male or female yet — which means you should ensure they are all growing quickly and efficiently. Keep the direct light on them for between 18 and 24 hours a day, or between 10 AM and 4 PM (minimum) if you are growing outdoors.

How do I grow marijuana plants during the flowering phase?

The flowering phase is the big, important stage for marijuana growers because it’s when the buds finally start forming. This means that the end is near (or so it seems), and you can soon see how successful your growing season was. If you are growing indoors, you will need to change the lighting schedule to 12 hours on and 12 hours off. Keep this consistent so your plants can transition from the vegetative stage to the flowering phase — and make certain that the “nighttime” part of the schedule includes completely uninterrupted darkness. If your plants are growing outdoors, they will transition naturally.

Before this point that you are going to want to remove the male plants from the bunch, or else they will pollinate the females (leading to seed production rather than bud growth). Male plants can be identified by their pollen sacs and the absence of white hairs (which will appear on maturing female plants). As soon as you can tell it’s a male plant, dispose of the plant immediately.

Lower the temperature to between 65 and 80 degrees Fahrenheit for a more productive flowering phase. Be sure to monitor your plants closely, since they could experience nutrient deficiencies since they are using nutrients differently now.

How do I harvest the marijuana?

Once the buds on your marijuana plants are no longer growing white, new hairs, and at least two-thirds of the hairs have gotten darker, then harvest time is upon you. If you want to ensure that the amount of THC is maximized, you should wait until half to 70% of the hairs have darkened. If you want marijuana that leads to a highly relaxing high, wait until most (80%-90%) of the hairs have darkened.

The actual act of harvesting is incredibly easy. Just take scissors to cut off the plant’s flower matter, and dispose of the rest of the plant. It’s that easy!

Want to read more? Check out when and how to harvest marijuana plants.

How do I dry and cure the weed?

Once you have removed the marijuana plants’ buds, the next steps are critical. You will need to dry them out properly, without attracting any mold. This can be pretty tricky, so tread carefully. Hang the plant product upside down in a place that is dark and cool and has good ventilation of some sort. Don’t let them dry too quickly.

Once they have dried out enough, you should cure them by placing the product into mason jars that close tightly. Fill them up 75% of the way, and leave in a dark, cool place. Open the jars once per day for a few seconds so the moisture can be released, and some fresh air can get in. If they seem moister than they should be, you can leave off the top for longer to avoid the development of mold. Cure the marijuana product for two weeks straight, and then start opening the jars just once per week.

Many people prefer to cure their marijuana for a minimum of 30 days, but of course, it all depends on the preference of the grower. A minimum of two weeks is a good rule of thumb in any case. More info can be found here.

Easy beginner strains

When choosing a strain to grow for your new marijuana garden, it’s important to choose one that makes sense for you — both as a beginner and as someone in your specific situation. You need to decide whether timing, ease of growth, yield, or potency is the most important aspect for your strain of marijuana. Let’s look at some of the best strains for each option.

Fastest harvest time

The quickest marijuana strains are usually an autoflowering strain of marijuana. These plants are consistently available to harvest between two and three months after germination. You don’t have to change up the lighting with autoflowering plants, and they are most often high in CBD. Strains with higher CBD are more relaxing, making them an effective medical marijuana choice.

Keep in mind that autoflowering plants require lots of attention since the timing is so short, every moment counts. Make sure your autoflowering plant comes from a high-quality breeder.

Our fastest flowering autoflower is the Super Skunk. But with just a week longer grow time you will be a happy grower with Blueberry, Amnesia Haze, White Widow or any of our other autoflowering seeds.

Easiest to grow

For many beginners, the easiest strain to grow is the most important aspect of choosing a strain. Everything else comes in second in terms of importance. This works well for those without a lot of extra time on their hands. These should be photoperiod strains (not autoflowering), as it leaves more room for bouncing back in case any mistakes are made.

Northern Lights is a favorite among beginners since they don’t smell very much, making it more stealthy than other strains. They don’t grow too tall, making them even stealthier. They also have a high yield.

Some other easy to grow strains include Blue Dream, AK-47, White Widow, Green Crack and Girl Scout Cookies Extreme.

Highest yield

If you want a strain that is the easiest to get a high yield without extra, creative effort, one of the following marijuana strains is going to be the best choice.

First, let’s look at Robert’s very own Gold Leaf. Its buds are gigantic and heavy, and it makes for a very strong Hybrid plant and product. It can actually get to 16 ounces or more of bud on 3 square feet if grown correctly,

Northern Lights, Sour Diesel, Amnesia Haze and Super Silver Haze are among our high yielding seeds as well. Be sure to check them out!

Common Mistakes

There are certain mistakes that beginners seem to make time and time again. To prevent you from making the same mistakes that countless others already have, let’s look at some of them.

Ignoring pH levels

When growing marijuana, you should always keep an eye on pH levels. This needs to be measured down near the roots of your plants since that is where they will be affected. Plants that have an unbalanced pH level will not take in nutrients as efficiently as possible. You should maintain pH the way you maintain other aspects of your grow room, including temperature and humidity.

Winging it

Whether it’s not doing the proper amount of research ahead of time or it’s not setting up your grow plot well enough in advance, you should never just “wing it” when it comes to growing marijuana. If you do that, all you are going to end up with is time and money wasted.

Make sure you have at least three months before harvest time — because of the changing of light that comes with the seasons, this is paramount to think about. If you are growing indoors, of course, then the timing doesn’t matter as much — but you still need to have at least three months at your disposal, no matter the timing.

Overdoing the nutrients

One common mistake people make is feeding their marijuana plants way too many nutrients. Although nutrients are indeed essential for your plant to perform its normal functions, more nutrients do not equate to faster growing.

In fact, if you overfeed your marijuana plants nutrients they could experience nutrient burn. This can lead to health issues that would have been avoided if you had underfed them instead. Try starting out with half the recommended dosage of nutrients; then you can always increase from there (in small increments).

Overwatering

Along with overdosing your plants on nutrients, overwatering your plants can lead to a number of issues as well. This is most common with beginners because they want to make sure their plants always have enough water; but in the end, soil that is constantly wet is more prone to things like mold and mildew, or even drowning the plant (depriving its roots of enough oxygen).

It is easier to make up for underwatering than overwatering; make sure that an inch or so of the soil is dry before you water again.

Skimping on costs

There are a certain amount of costs that can be saved safely when growing marijuana plants; but that does not mean that you should skimp on prices everywhere. For example, buying cheap seeds is not a good way to save money — in fact, it’s a good way to waste money.

Growing outdoors, however, can be an effective way to cut costs; or else to opt for a soil grow setup rather than a hydroponics one. Buying certain things secondhand can also help reduce costs without lowering the quality of your setup.

Thanks for reading.