Proponents of California’s Cannabis Legalization Initiative Have Raised Over $11 Million

California's Cannabis LegalizationProponents of California’s Proposition 64 to legalize cannabis for everyone 21 and older have raised $11.5 million in support for their proposal, according to state data.

The initiative’s biggest donor is former Facebook President Sean Parker at $2,303,965, followed by Drug Policy Action at $1.75 million, the New Approach PAC at $1,500,000, Weedmaps at $750,000 and Nicholas Pritzker at $250,000.

The $11.5 million raised is over 60 times the amount raised by the largest group opposed to Proposition 64, No on Prop 64; they’ve raised under $200,000.

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Cannabinoids May Improve Night Vision, Study Finds

Night VisionBy ScienceDaily.com

Scientists used a variety of methods to test how tadpoles react to visual stimuli when they’ve been exposed to increased levels of exogenous or endogenous cannabinoids. Exogenous cannabinoids are artificially introduced drugs, whereas endogenous cannabinoids occur naturally in the body.

They found that, contrary to what they expected, activating cannabinoid signaling in tadpoles actually increased the activity in their retinal ganglion cells (RGCs), which are responsible for transmitting information about light detection from the eye to the brain. Previous studies found that cannabinoids typically work to reduce neurotransmission, not increase it.

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All Eyes on Nevada, Massachusetts, California, Maine and Arizona

thcannabisIt’s just 11 weeks until election day 2016, which will be by far the most monumental day for cannabis law reform since the beginning of prohibition of in the 1930s. Five state – Nevada, Massachusetts, California, Maine and Arizona – will be voting on the legalization of recreational cannabis, and all eyes are on them for big victories this November.

In Nevada, Question 2 would legalize the possession of up to an ounce of cannabis, the personal cultivation of up to six plants, and would authorize state-licensed cannabis retail outlets. Polling released last month found that 50% of voters in the state support legalization, with just 41% opposed, indicating it will be a close race, though there’s reason to be optimistic (the campaign in support of Question 2 also just purchased nearly a million dollars in television ads to promote the measure).

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Study: Cannabinoids a Safe and Effective Treatment for Tourette syndrome

Tourette syndromeCannabinoids are a safe and effective treatment for Tourette syndrome, a new study published in the journal Australian Psychiatry has found. According to the Mayo Clinic Tourette syndrome is a nervous system disorder that often involves “uncontrollable repetitive movements or unwanted sounds (tics), such as repeatedly blinking the eyes, shrugging shoulders, or blurting out offensive words.”

For the study, a subject “received 10.8 mg Tetrahydocannabinol and 10 mg cannabidiol daily, in the form of two oro-mucosal sprays of ‘Sativex®‘, twice daily. Assessment was pre-treatment and at week one, two, and four during treatment.”

Researchers say that “Both subjective and objective measures demonstrated marked improvement in the frequency and severity of motor and vocal tics post-treatment. There was good interrater reliability of results.”

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Study: Cannabinoids Offer Therapeutic Benefits for Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

Post Traumatic Stress DisorderYet another study has found that cannabinoids may treat or at least greatly benefit those with post traumatic stress disorder (and may prevent it if administered shortly after a traumatic event). The new study was published in the journal Behavioural Pharmacology, and published online by the National Institute of Health.

“There is substantial evidence from studies in humans and animal models for a role of the endocannabinoid system in the control of emotional states”, says the study’s abstract. It states that preliminary studies in humans “suggest that treatment with cannabinoids may decrease PTSD symptoms including sleep quality, frequency of nightmares, and hyperarousal.”

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Federal Court: Out-of-State License Plates Don’t Justify Police Stop and Search

colo

A numberless Colorado license plate.

In a landmark decision the 10th Circuit Court of Appeals has ruled that law enforcement officials can’t stop and search vehicles simply for having an out-of-state license plate from a state where cannabis is legal, such as Colorado.

The court reinstated a lawsuit filed by a Colorado motorist (Peter Vasquez) who was pulled over by two officers while driving through Kansas, heading to Maryland. The officers, Richard Jimerson and Dax Lewis, stopped Vasquez because they couldn’t read his temporary tag that was taped to the inside of the car’s rear window. The officers contended they were justified in searching the vehicle because the motorists was a citizen of Colorado – a state where cannabis is legal – and he was driving on I-70, a “known drug corridor”. The officers, who found nothing illegal in their search, also said that the motorist seemed nervous.

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Oklahoma: Medical Cannabis Legalization Initiative to be on November Ballot

OklahomaOklahoma is set to be the fourth state voting this November on the legalization of medical cannabis alongside Florida, Arkansas and North Dakota; five other states are voting on the legalization of cannabis for all uses (Nevada, Massachusetts, Maine, Arizona and California).

Oklahoma Secretary of State Chris Benge announced today that proponents of State Question 788 have submitted 67,761 valid signatures for the initiative, more than the 65,987 required to place the measure on the November 8th general election ballot. The initiative would legalize the possession, use and licensed distribution of cannabis for those who receive a recommendation from a physician.

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Cannabinoids May Protect Against Essential Tremor, New Study Finds

essential tremorA new study published by the British Journal of Pharmacology has found that cannabinoids may protect against the behavioral disturbances caused by an essential tremor.

“Essential tremor (ET) is a neurological disorder with unknown etiology”, states the study’s abstract. “Its symptoms include cerebellar motor disturbances, cognitive and personality changes, hearing and olfactory deficits.”

For the study researchers “set out to establish the effects of cannabinoid type 1 receptor agonism [such as cannabinoids] and antagonism in an established rodent model of ET using a battery of accepted behaviour assays in order to determine risk and therapeutic potential of endocannabinoid system modulation in ET.”

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Lawmakers in Memphis, Tennessee Pass Cannabis Decrim Measure

Memphis

Memphis, Tennessee.

The Public Safety & Homeland Security Committee of the Memphis City Council (which is made up of eight of the council’s 13 members) has voted 5 to 2 to pass an ordinance that would establish a $50 ticket for possession of up to half an ounce of cannabis. The ordinance will now go to the full council, who will put the measure through its first reading on September 6th.

Those who voted in favor of the measure are Councilmembers Martavius Jones, Berlin Boyd, Philip Spinosa Jr., Edmund Ford Jr. and Jamita Swearengen. Those who voted against the proposal are Councilmembers Joe Brown and Janis Fullilove. Committee chairman Worth Morgan abstained from voting.

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Washington Has Harsher Felony Cannabis Possession Laws than 32 Other States

Felony Cannabis PossessionWashington is one of four states where the possession of up to an ounce of cannabis is legal for those 21 and older, including its distribution through licensed retail outlets. With that in mind, you might be surprised to know that in regards to felony cannabis possession laws, Washington’s are harsher than 32 states, including conservative states such as Texas and Utah.

In Washington, possessing up to 28 grams is legal; possessing 28 to 40 grams is a misdemeanor punishable by up to 90 days in jail. Once you reach over 40 grams, the charge becomes a felony punishable by up to 5 years in prison; this is equal to unlawful imprisonment and rape of a child in the third degree (which is also a class C felony).

Below is a list of states that have softer cannabis possession felony laws than Washington:

 

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